Page, M.J. (1,2,3) , Boust, C. (2) , Mélard, N. (2) , Robcis, D. (2) , Obein, G. (3) 1) Océ Print Logic Technologies, Créteil, FRANCE 2) Centre de Recherche et de Restauration des Musées de France, Paris, FRANCE 3) Conservatoire National des Arts et Métiers, Saint-Denis, FRANCE
Abstract Surfaces of materials from cultural heritage are exceptionally varied as patina, varnish, wear or scratches are added intentionally or with time to the base material, whether it is wood, marble, stucco, or brass. Measuring their texture provides a lot of information to curators but it constitutes a challenging task for the engineer. The present study focuses on the question of texture acquisition by means of two optical micro-topographic instruments. As those instruments deeply differ in their working principle, it is necessary to check if results are comparable in terms of roughness. Moreover, in order to define the space of materials they are able to record, the study highlighted how the global appearance of an object interferes with the measurement of its surface relief, because of the design of the utilized instruments.
Keywords: Optical metrology, 3D, Appearance, Roughness, Cultural heritage, Scientific techniques in conservation and restoration
Article de la thèse de Marine Page, publié à Electronic Imaging 2017 (http://www.imaging.org/site/IST/IST/Conferences/EI/Symposium_Overview.aspx)
M. Page 1,2,3 , C. Boust 1 , G. Obein 3 , M. Ortiz 2 , A. Razet 3
1 Centre de Recherche et de Restauration des Musées de France 2 Océ Print Logic Technologies 3 Conservatoire National des Arts et Métiers
Abstract 2.5D printing is a technology which creates surface relief by superimposing successive layers of inks. The question of the characterization of heights obtained with this technique brings us to consider new metrics and mathematical ways to represent the influence of diverse printing parameters on the obtained relief, possibly used to compensate the defaults of the system. Our method takes over the classical Modulation Transfer Function (MTF) approach and adapts it to a vertical modulation instead of considering the (x, y) plane, introducing then a Height Modulation Transfer Function (HMTF). Characterization charts are composed of lines patterns printed at different heights, frequencies and droplet levels. Prints are scanned with a chromatic confocal sensor and resulting topographies are analyzed to extract the HMTF. By analogy with traditional MTF methods, results – consisting of the measurement of the deviation between the digital input and the analog output – allow to evaluate the quality of our printer and to compensate it by setting up a retro-action loop. The method, here presented in the case of the 2.5D printing prototype, can be extended to regular 3D printing techniques.